|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]张碧昊,郭敏,李百成.第21届世界杯足球赛决赛阶段进球特征研究[J].体育科学研究,2018,22(6):42-50.
 ZHANG Bi-hao,GUO Min,LI Bai-cheng.Research on Character of Goals in the Final Phase in the 21st World Cup[J].sports science research,2018,22(6):42-50.
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第21届世界杯足球赛决赛阶段进球特征研究(PDF)
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《体育科学研究》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
22
期数:
2018年6期
页码:
42-50
栏目:
运动竞赛与训练学
出版日期:
2019-03-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research on Character of Goals in the Final Phase in the 21st World Cup
作者:
张碧昊郭敏李百成
(华中师范大学体育学院,湖北 武汉 430079)
Author(s):
ZHANG Bi-haoGUO MinLI Bai-cheng
(Physical Education of Central China Normal University,Wuhan 430079,China)
关键词:
世界杯足球进球特征
Keywords:
World CupfootballGoal Characteristics
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
运用文献资料、录像观察、专家访谈与数理统计等方法,对第21届世界杯足球赛决赛阶段169个进球的数量、时空、技术、战术、位置等5个层面共11个指标进行分析。研究表明:近四届世界杯进球数量逐渐下降,直至第20届才有所回升并在本届趋于稳定;比赛下半场进球明显高于上半场,上、下半场均呈现两端高、中间低的趋势;3区和4区射门进球最多,1区和3区是最佳球进门区域;抢点射门是最重要的得分手段,视频助理裁判的应用导致点球进球多;脚内侧进球数最多;高球和反弹球由于扑救难度大而进球率较高;前场发动进攻取得进球最多,中、后场偏低;抢断是获得球权最多的方式;进球前传球次数越少,进球数量越多;中路进攻、快速进攻和定位球进攻相结合是主要战术发展方向;前锋进球数最多,全攻全守、攻防兼备是现代足球运动员的发展模版。
Abstract:
The research uses the methods of literature,video observation,expert interview and mathematical statistics to analyze 11 indexes of 169 goals in the final stage of the 21st World Cup from five aspects:quantity,time and space,technique,tactics and position.The main results were as follows:The number of goals in the last four World Cup has declined gradually,until the twentieth session has recovered and stabilized in this year;The goal in the second half is obviously higher than that in the first half,the top and lower half show the high end and low middle trend;The 3 and 4 districts scored the most goals,while the 1 and 3 districts were the best entry areas;Snatching points shot was the most important means of scoring.The application of the video assistant referee leads to a lot of goals;The highest number of goals were on the inside foot;The high goal rate of the high ball and the antibounce ball because of the difficulty of saving;The most goals was scored in the front court attack,and the middle and the back court were low;Intercepts were the most important way to get the ball;The fewer times the goal passes,the more goals happen;The combination of the middle route attack,the fast attack and the position ball attack was the main direction of the tactical development;The forward goal number was the most,the full defense combine the attack and defense will be the development template of the modern football players.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-03-10