[1]刘银华,钟幼平,曾庆民,等.温度和盐度对云纹石斑鱼早期幼鱼生长和存活的影响[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2014,19(4):241-246.
 LIU Yin-hua,ZHONG You-ping,ZENG Qing-min,et al.Effects of Temperature and Salinity on the Growth and Survivability of Young Epinephelus moara[J].Journal of Jimei University,2014,19(4):241-246.
点击复制

温度和盐度对云纹石斑鱼早期幼鱼生长和存活的影响()
分享到:

《集美大学学报(自然版)》[ISSN:1007-7405/CN:35-1186/N]

卷:
第19卷
期数:
2014年第4期
页码:
241-246
栏目:
水产、食品与生物技术
出版日期:
2014-07-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of Temperature and Salinity on the Growth and Survivability of Young Epinephelus moara
作者:
刘银华钟幼平曾庆民李军谢仰杰胡家财张雅芝
1.集美大学水产学院,福建 厦门 361021;2.农业部东海海水健康养殖重点实验室,福建 厦门 361021;3.福建省水产研究所,福建 厦门 361005
Author(s):
LIU Yin-hua12ZHONG You-ping12ZENG Qing-min3LI Jun12XIE Yang-jie12 HU Jiacai12ZHANG Ya-zhi12
1.Fisheries College,Jimei University,Xiamen 361021,China;2.Key Laboratory of Seawater Health Breeding of East Sea(Ministry of Agriculture),Xiamen 361021,China;3.Fisheries Research Institute of Fujian Province,Xiamen 361005,China
关键词:
云纹石斑鱼幼鱼温度盐度生长存活率
Keywords:
Epinephelus moarayoung fishsalinitytemperaturegrowthsurvival rate
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
采用突变和渐变两种方法初步探讨了温度和盐度的改变对云纹石斑鱼早期幼鱼的生长和存活的影响.研究显示:云纹石斑鱼早期幼鱼适宜生长存活在盐度范围14~40 psu内,最适生长盐度范围为14~19 psu.云纹石斑鱼早期幼鱼适宜温度范围为21~30 ℃.温度实验中,在18 ℃以下的水中,幼鱼摄食能力减弱,活力低下,导致抵抗力下降,易感染病原菌;在高于33 ℃的水中,幼鱼运动过频,导致消耗大量能量,抑制生长.研究结果表明:云纹石斑鱼幼鱼对盐度具有较强的耐受能力,适当降低盐度有益于提高其生长速度,且幼鱼对温度的要求比较严格.
Abstract:
The present study evaluates the effects of temperature and salinity on growth and survival of early young Epinephelus moara by changing water temperature and salinity gradually or suddenly.The results of this study showed that the young fish were able to survive in a salinity range of 14~40 psu (practical salinity unit). The optimal salinity range for grow of young fish was 14~19 psu.The suitable water temperature range is 21~30 ℃. The fish was less active and ate less with temperature of water lower than 18 ℃ that reduced resistance of fish and made them more vulnerable to pathogenic bacteria.The fish was hyperactive with temperature of water higher than 33 ℃ that exhausted more energy and inhibited growth of fish. The results indicated that the young fish was able to tolerance the changing of salinity, and by reducing salinity appropriately could improve the growth rate of fish.The young fish is sensitive to temperature change.

相似文献/References:

[1]曾荣林,谢仰杰,王志勇,等.大黄鱼幼鱼对低盐度的耐受性研究[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2013,18(3):167.
 ZENG Rong-lin,XIE Yang-jie,WANG Zhi-yong,et al.Tolerance of Young Fish of Large Yellow Croaker(Larimichthys crocea) to Low Salinity[J].Journal of Jimei University,2013,18(4):167.

更新日期/Last Update: 2014-12-02