[1]陈宏,章骞,洪水河,等.双孢蘑菇预煮液成分分析及其降血压效果[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2018,23(3):171-177.
 CHEN Hong,ZHANG Qian,HONG Shuihe,et al.Analysis of the Components of Pre-boiled Liquid of Agaricus bisporus and Its Effect on Antihypertension[J].Journal of Jimei University,2018,23(3):171-177.
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双孢蘑菇预煮液成分分析及其降血压效果()
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《集美大学学报(自然版)》[ISSN:1007-7405/CN:35-1186/N]

卷:
第23卷
期数:
2018年第3期
页码:
171-177
栏目:
水产、食品与生物技术
出版日期:
2018-05-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis of the Components of Pre-boiled Liquid of Agaricus bisporus and Its Effect on Antihypertension
作者:
陈宏1章骞1洪水河2吴锦清12聂鑫1林丽云1翁凌1曹敏杰1
(1. 集美大学食品与生物工程学院,福建 厦门 361021;2. 福建紫山集团股份有限公司,福建 漳州 363119)
Author(s):
CHEN Hong1ZHANG Qian1HONG Shuihe2WU Jinqing12NIE Xin1LIN Liyun1WENG Ling1CAO Minjie1
(1.College of Food and Biological Engineering,Jimei University,Xiamen 361021,China;2.Fujian Zishan Group Co,Ltd,Zhangzhou 363119,China)
关键词:
双孢蘑菇 预煮液成分分析原发性高血压大鼠降血压
Keywords:
Agaricus bisporuspre-boiled liquidcomponents analysisspontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR)antihypertension
摘要:
以双孢蘑菇预煮液为原料,将样品冻干后测定其蛋白质、氨基酸、糖类、呈味核苷酸二钠以及重金属含量,并研究双孢蘑菇预煮液对原发性高血压大鼠的降血压作用。结果表明,双孢蘑菇预煮液冻干样品中,蛋白质质量分数为31.3%,主要以游离氨基酸和小肽的形式存在,分子质量小于1 000 u的成分比例达95.43%;碳水化合物质量分数为55.5%,主要以单糖和小分子糖类形式存在,分子质量小于1 000 u的比例高达98.67%;氨基酸总质量分数为11.78%,其中,呈味氨基酸的比例达到75.13 %,呈味核苷酸二钠的质量分数为7.84%;重金属中,总砷、铅、镉和总汞的质量分数分别为(3.3×10-5)%、(3.1×10-5)%、(2.3×10-5)%和(1.3×10-5)%。对原发性高血压大鼠(spontaneously hypertensive rats,SHR)灌胃双孢蘑菇预煮液冻干样品后,SHR收缩压从(28.664±2.026)kPa开始下降,12 h后收缩压出现最低值(21.465±1.947)kPa,然后缓慢上升,24 h后收缩压仍维持在较低值(25.091±3.120)kPa,表明双孢蘑菇预煮液具有一定的降血压效果。
Abstract:
The pre-boiled liquid from mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) was used as material and the basic nutrient composition including protein,amino acids,saccharides,disodium ribonucleotide and the content of heavy metals were analyzed according to the national standards after freeze-drying.The antihypertensive effect of the lyophilized pre-boiled liquid on spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was investigated.The results showed that the protein content in the lyophilized pre-boiled liquid was 31.3%,which was mainly composed of free amino acids and small peptides with relative molecular mass less than 1 000 u occupied 95.43%.The carbohydrate content was 55.5% and was mainly in the form of monosaccharides and small molecules of polysaccharides with molecular masses lower than 1 000 u reached 98.67%.The content of amino acid was 11.78%,in which the percentage of delicious amino acids was 75.13%.The content of disodium ribonucleotide was 7.84%.Analysis of heavy metals showed that the contents of total arsenic,lead,cadmium and total mercury were (3.3×10-5)%,(3.1×10-5)%,(2.3×10-5)% and (1.3×10-5)%,respectively.Subsequent decrease of systolic blood pressure (SBP) of the SHR was observed after administration of the freeze-dried pre-boiled liquid with initial SBP was (28.664±2.026)kPa and reached the lowest (21.465±1.947)kPa after 12 h.It was observed that even after intragastric administration for 24 h,the SBP of the SHR still remained at low level of (25.091±3.120) kPa,suggesting that the pre-boiled liquid from A.bisporus have a certain effect on antihypertension
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-07-13