[1]廖海峰,杨秦榕,郑青榕,等.船用真空绝热板活性炭/膨胀石墨复合吸气剂试制[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2018,23(5):367-372.
 LIAO Haifeng,YANG Qinrong,ZHENG Qingrong,et al.Preparation of a Composite Getter via Activated Carbon and Expanded Graphite for Vacuum Insulation Panels Used on Board Ships[J].Journal of Jimei University,2018,23(5):367-372.
点击复制

船用真空绝热板活性炭/膨胀石墨复合吸气剂试制()
分享到:

《集美大学学报(自然版)》[ISSN:1007-7405/CN:35-1186/N]

卷:
第23卷
期数:
2018年第5期
页码:
367-372
栏目:
船舶与机械工程
出版日期:
2018-09-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Preparation of a Composite Getter via Activated Carbon and Expanded Graphite for Vacuum Insulation Panels Used on Board Ships
作者:
廖海峰杨秦榕郑青榕朱子文
(福建省船舶与海洋工程重点实验室,集美大学轮机工程学院,福建 厦门 361021)
Author(s):
LIAO HaifengYANG QinrongZHENG QingrongZHU Ziwen
(Provincial Key Laboratory of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engineering,School of Marine Engineering,Jimei University,Xiamen 361021,China)
关键词:
活性炭膨胀石墨吸气剂真空绝热板
Keywords:
activated carbonexpanded graphitegettervacuum insulation panels
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为推进真空绝热板(VIPs)在船舶冷藏集装箱中的应用,以多孔介质与VIPs内气体混合物之间的吸附机制研制吸气剂。根据船用玻璃纤维芯材VIPs内主要混合物(水蒸气、乙烯、丙烯和氢气)的吸附特点,选择比表面积约1 900 m2/g的椰壳活性炭SAC-02和膨胀石墨,应用溶液浸渍法,由丙酮和硝酸镍对活性炭进行表面担载金属改性,并通过正交实验设计,确定导热系数最小时的活性炭/膨胀石墨复合吸气剂制备方案。结果表明,最佳制备方案为:可膨胀石墨的膨胀温度为800 ℃;膨胀时间为50 s;活性炭与膨胀石墨质量混合比为1∶4;成型压力9 MPa。在0 ℃、0~500 Pa压力范围内,与当前在用的吸气剂JMU-01相比,由最佳方案制备的吸气剂JMU-02至少可获得11.47%乙烯、10.65%丙烯和3.87%氢气的总吸附量增量。基于碳基材料的船用玻璃纤维芯材VIPs吸气剂具有良好应用前景。
Abstract:
In observation of quickening the step of application of vacuum insulation panels (VIPs) on ship's reefer containers,mechanism of adsorption was introduced for the interaction between porous medium and the gas mixtures contained within the VIPs.Based on the adsorption characteristics of water vapor,ethylene,propylene and hydrogen,which are the major components within glass fiber VIPs for on board application,one kind of coconut shell activated carbon SAC-02 having a specific surface area about 1 900 m2/g was selected as matrix to synthesize the getter.Solution impregnation technique was employed for surface modification on the selected activated carbon by using acetone as solution and nickel nitrate as solvend.Orthogonal experimental design was conducted based on the argument that the thermal conductivity of the developed composite getters should be the minimum under the experimental condition,and the supposed getter was then prepared by mixing the as-prepared activated carbon sample with the expanded graphite,which was developed at temperature 800 ℃ with a duration about 50 s with a mass ratio 1∶4 and consolidated under pressure 9 MPa.Results from verification tests show that the performance of the prepared composite getter JMU-02 is better than that of the getter currently used.Results also reveal that,at temperature 0 ℃ and within pressure range 0-500 Pa,utilization of JMU-02 can at least bring about 11.47%,10.65% and 3.87% increment in total adsorption amount respectively for ethylene,propylene and hydrogen.It suggests that carbon based composite getter may be a promising for glass fiber VIPs used on board ships.

相似文献/References:

[1]高帅,郑青榕,解晨.大温度区间氢在活性炭上的吸附平衡分析[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2012,17(5):368.
 GAO Shuai,ZHENG Qing-rong,XIE Chen.Equilibrium Analysis of Hydrogen Adsorption on Activated Carbon over a Larger Temperature Range[J].Journal of Jimei University,2012,17(5):368.
[2]吴大康,王海民,郑青榕.氨-活性炭吸附式制冷在船舶中的应用[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2013,18(6):456.
 WU Da-kang,WANG Hai-min,ZHENG Qing-rong.Application of Activated Carbon-ammonia Adsorption Refrigeration System on Ships[J].Journal of Jimei University,2013,18(5):456.
[3]王晓华,郑青榕,高帅.甲烷在石墨烯与活性炭上的吸附平衡[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2013,18(6):451.
 WANG Xiao-huaZHENG Qing-rongGAO Shuai.Adsorption Equilibrium of Methane on Graphene Sheets and Activated Carbon[J].Journal of Jimei University,2013,18(5):451.
[4]曾斌,王晓华,朱子文,等.天然气吸附用活性炭-膨胀石墨复合吸附剂试制[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2016,21(2):140.
 ZENG Bin,WANG Xiao-hua,ZHU Zi-wen,et al.Preparation of Composite Adsorbent from Activated Carbon and Expanded Graphite for Natural Gas Adsorption(ANG)[J].Journal of Jimei University,2016,21(5):140.
[5]唐政,郑青榕,李松.船舶机舱含油污水用活性炭试制[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2017,22(3):33.
 TANG Zheng,ZHENG Qingrong,LI Song.Preparation of Activated Carbon for Bilge's Oily Water[J].Journal of Jimei University,2017,22(5):33.
[6]巫晶晶,林建清,方宏达,等.活性炭和石英砂在UASB系统中的应用研究[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2011,16(3):187.
 WU Jing-jing,LIN Jian-qing,FANG Hong-da,et al.The Application of Activated Carbon and Quartz Sand to the UASB[J].Journal of Jimei University,2011,16(5):187.
[7]郑青榕,王振庭,蔡振雄,等.活性炭储氢系统充放气过程试验研究[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2011,16(1):50.
 ZHENG Qing-rong,WANG Zhen-ting,CAI Zhen-xiong,et al.Experimental Studies of Hydrogen Storage System on the Activated Carbon During Charge and Discharge Processes[J].Journal of Jimei University,2011,16(5):50.
[8]吴永生,郑青榕.氨在活性炭-膨胀石墨混合吸附剂上的吸附平衡分析[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2014,19(1):42.
 WU Yong-sheng,ZHENG Qing-rong.Analysis of Adsorption Equilibrium of Ammonia on Composite from Activated Carbon/Expanded Graphite[J].Journal of Jimei University,2014,19(5):42.

更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-08