[1]赵炎平,张旭德,周建文.中山站前沿固定冰破冰方案及船舶操纵方法[J].集美大学学报(自然版),2021,26(1):29-36.
 ZHAO Yanping,ZHANG Xude,ZHOU Jianwen.The Analysis of Icebreaking Plan and Ship Maneuering in Fast Ice Near the Zhongshan Station[J].Journal of Jimei University,2021,26(1):29-36.
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中山站前沿固定冰破冰方案及船舶操纵方法()
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《集美大学学报(自然版)》[ISSN:1007-7405/CN:35-1186/N]

卷:
第26卷
期数:
2021年第1期
页码:
29-36
栏目:
航海技术与物流工程
出版日期:
2021-01-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Analysis of Icebreaking Plan and Ship Maneuering in Fast Ice Near the Zhongshan Station
作者:
赵炎平1张旭德1周建文2
(1.中国极地研究中心,上海 200136;2.集美大学航海学院,福建 厦门 361021)
Author(s):
ZHAO Yanping1ZHANG Xude1ZHOU Jianwen2
(1.Polar Research Institute of China,Shanghai,200136,China;2.Navigation College,Jimei University,Xiamen 361021,China)
关键词:
雪龙2号中山站固定冰冰区航行
Keywords:
XUELONG 2zhongshan stationfast icenavigation in ice water
摘要:
为了向“雪龙号”提供一条可行的卸货用航行水道,中国第一艘自主建造的破冰船“雪龙2号”急需在南极大陆的中山站前沿复杂的固定冰中制订一条破冰路线。在“雪龙号”过去多年积累数据和经验基础之上,通过详细分析破冰水域的航行环境、固定冰区当年冰情、最新气象辅助资料以及可用的先进设备,制订一条破冰计划路线。采用首尾破冰、进退速度控制、预留距离控制以及操纵船舶辅助破冰等方法,顺利完成破冰开路任务。实际破冰结果证明,计划路线既绕开了危险的冰裂缝和冰山,也为“雪龙号”节省大量的卸货时间。总结“雪龙2号“在固定冰中的破冰能力,指出相应的困难和急需解决的问题;为我国破冰船在极区常态化航行、冰区航行的船舶驾驶员、按极地规则要求进行的冰区航行培训以及相应的业务模拟提供参考。
Abstract:
In order to provide the “XUELONG” with a possible channel to discharge cargo in complex fastice-covered water near ZHONGSHAN station in the Antarctic continent,the ice-breaker “XUELONG 2” built by China in dependently is in an urgent need for an ice-breaking route.Based on the data and experience accumulated over the years,the author and team members analyzed in detail the navigation environment,fast ice-covered water condition,the latest meteorological auxiliary materials and advanced equipment available on board,and made an ice-breaking plan route.After “XUELONG 2”finished ice-breaking,it was proved that the plan route can save much discharging time and avoid the ice crevasses,iceberg etc.The special Ice-Breaking method was adopted for forward and aft-ward performance,control of speed,safe distance for ramming ice during the whole ice breaking,as well as the method of ship maneuvering to help breaking fast-ice smoothly.Some Some difficulties and problems needed to resolve are listed.This paper provides reference for deck officers on Chinese icebreakers and merchant ships navigating in icecovered waters or polar waters,and for the training of navigation and the corresponding operation simulation according to the polar code.
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-03-25