|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]苏爱娥,张锦坤.大学生完美主义人格特点的质性研究[J].集美大学学报(教育科学版),2019,20(03):31-36.
 SU Ai-e,ZHANG Jin-kun.A Qualitative Study on the Personality Characteristics of College Students’Perfectionism[J].Journal of Jimei University(Education Science Edition),2019,20(03):31-36.
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大学生完美主义人格特点的质性研究(PDF)
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《集美大学学报(教育科学版)》[ISSN:1671-6493/CN:35-1238/U]

卷:
第20卷
期数:
2019年03期
页码:
31-36
栏目:
教育心理研究
出版日期:
2019-05-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Qualitative Study on the Personality Characteristics of College Students’Perfectionism
作者:
苏爱娥张锦坤
(福建师范大学心理学院,福建福州350000)
Author(s):
SU Ai-eZHANG Jin-kun
(College of Psychology,Fujian Normal University,Fuzhou 350000,China)
关键词:
质性研究完美主义者人格特点情绪特点
Keywords:
qualitative researchperfectionistpersonality traitsemotional characteristics
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
从认知、情绪、动机的角度,比较消极型完美主义者(Ⅰ类)、积极型完美主义者(Ⅱ类)、混合型完美主义者(Ⅲ类)以及非完美主义者(Ⅳ类)人格特点的差异。对4类完美主义者分别进行半结构式的访谈,并对访谈内容进行文本定性分析。研究表明:从认知层面来看,Ⅰ类完美主义者在权威面前感到压迫,Ⅲ类对其持矛盾的态度,Ⅱ类并不畏惧权威,Ⅳ类对其持中立的看法;Ⅰ类、Ⅲ类的自我评价中包括消极、积极成分,Ⅱ类和Ⅳ类都用乐观词汇评价自己;Ⅱ类与Ⅳ类对外界刺激不敏感,Ⅰ类与Ⅲ类均对人际环境较敏感。从情绪层面来看,在正向情绪上,Ⅱ类比Ⅰ类、Ⅲ类、Ⅳ类存在更多正能量;负向情绪上,Ⅲ类和Ⅰ类比Ⅱ类、Ⅳ类存在更多负能量。从动机层面来看,Ⅰ类、Ⅳ类向往安逸的生活,Ⅱ类追求具有挑战性的生活,Ⅲ类喜欢舒适而又有竞争的环境。研究认为四种类型的完美主义者在认知、动机、情绪层面表现出明显的差异。
Abstract:
Objective:To compare the differences in personality characteristics of negative perfectionists (Class I),positive perfectionists (Class II),mixed perfectionists (Class III),and imperfectionists (Class IV) from the perspectives of cognition,emotion,and motivation. Methods:Semi-structured interviews were conducted with four types of perfectionists,and textual qualitative analysis was conducted on the interview content.Results:Cognitive level:Class I perfectionists feel oppressed in front of authority,while Class III having a contradictory attitude,Class II not fearing authority and Class IV having a neutral view;self-evaluation of Class I and Class III includes negative and positive components.Both Class II and Class IV evaluate themselves with optimistic vocabulary;Class II and Class IV are not sensitive to the outside world,and Class I and Class III are sensitive to the human environment.Emotional level:As to positive emotions,Class II has more positive energy than Class I,Class III,and Class IV;as to negative emotions,Class III and Class I have more negative energy than Class II and Class IV.Motivation level:Class I and Class IV yearn for a comfortable life,while Class II pursues a challenging life,and Class III prefers a comfortable and competitive environment.Conclusion: The four types of perfectionists show significant differences in cognition,motivation,and emotion.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-07-06